Cancer Cell Detection

Taipei Tumor gene nucleic acid allele label detection

Taipei Tumor gene nucleic acid allele label detection,What is cancer?
Cancer is a disease of human cells. Our body is made up of countless cells. The body automatically multiplies new cells, allowing us to grow, replace old cells, or repair damaged cells. This mechanism is controlled by certain genes. But if the genes of the control mechanism are damaged, cancer will appear. These damages have a chance to happen in our lives, and a small number of people inherit the genes that have been destroyed from their parents.

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Medical Laboratory Scientist signature  KAO,MING-HSUN
Medical institutions address: 1F., No.218, Sec. 5, Minsheng E. Rd., Songshan Dist., Taipei City 105, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
Taiwan (R.O.C.) Medical Institutions Code : 9401010374   Phone Number: 886-02-27698340
Business Hours: From Monday to Saturday, 9:00 a.m. ~ 21:00 p.m.; Sunday, 9:00 a.m.~12:00 p.m. 

Normally, cells will divide and multiply in an orderly manner. But once it loses control, it will continue to multiply and accumulate in the body into a mass that becomes a "tumor." Tumors can be divided into benign and malignant tumors. Malignant tumors are commonly known as cancer.

Cells of benign tumors will stop at their location and the part will spread to other parts of the body.

Malignant tumors contain cancer cells. When it was first formed, it will remain in the original part, so it is called "in situ cancer." But if the cancer cells are not managed, it will destroy the surrounding tissues and spread to other organs to become invasive cancers.

When a cancer spreads from its original location to other parts of the body, it is called a secondary cancer or metastatic cancer.

What causes cancer?
The cause of cancer is still a mystery. Despite this, certain types of cancer can almost certainly be caused by our living habits or by the surrounding environment.
Several of the factors that cause cancer include smoking, overexposure, unhealthy diets, prolonged exposure to chemicals and asbestos, and other carcinogens.
At the same time, certain types of cancer are caused by viruses. For example, human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted through sexual contact, and more than 70% of cervical cancer is caused by HPV.

Is cancer contagious?
No, cancer is not contagious, so contact with cancer patients is quite safe.

Will cancer be inherited?
If a member of the family has had a cancer, such as breast or colorectal cancer, the risk of developing such a cancer may be higher. In a few families, variant genes that control cell division are more likely to inherit from generation to generation. Although some family members are at higher risk of cancer, not everyone has cancer.

How does cancer spread?
Even if the cancer cell grows just like a needle, it actually grows its own blood vessels. This is called angiogenesis. Sometimes, cancer cells attack other organs of the body through pipes such as the blood or lymphatic system. When cancer cells reach new organs, they may continue to proliferate and multiply there to become secondary or metastasis tumors.

There are four main levels of cancer genetic testing:
1. Molecular level: detecting if there is a problem with the DNA repair system
2. Cell level: Generally, cells have normal cycle control factors, so their life cycle will die when they replicate about 50 times, but the cell cycle control factors are out of control, so that cancer cells can be copied indefinitely. Will not die. The cancer gene detects whether the cell's periodic control factor has been destroyed.
3. Systemic immune system level: detect whether the immune system has been invaded by cancer cells. Understanding cancer cell clearance
4. Organ level: 10 c.c of blood is drawn, and MPA technology is used to simultaneously detect two allelic sequences related to abnormal new life and normal hyperplasia, thereby detecting the effect of judging whether or not cancer is detected or monitoring the cancer.

Detection advantages:
1. Tumor gene detection can detect cancer before the onset of cancer symptoms, preventing cancer cells from expanding.
2. The detection process is fast and risk-free, with an accuracy of more than 95%
3. No need to fast, no time limit and no side effects
4. A warning can be issued before the onset of clinical symptoms to achieve early detection of early treatment.
5. X-ray or ultrasound scan tumor, the tumor needs to grow to more than 1 cm to be measured, CT computer tomography can scan the tumor to a minimum of 0.9 cm
6. MRI NMR can detect tumors with a minimum of 0.6 cm. For patients with cavity organs (such as lung cancer/breast cancer/large intestine/rectal, the detection effect is poor, and for early mucosal tumors such as: esophagus/stomach/large intestine rectum) / Cervical cancer is not sensitive, both must be combined with blood test
7. PET positron photography can scan a tumor with a minimum of 0.7 cm. The radiation is large and expensive, and the false positive is about 25%, which is easy to cause the subject to panic.

Test items:

Liver cancer
2. Lung cancer
3. Gastric cancer
4. Rectal cancer
5. Prostate cancer
6. Bladder cancer
7. Pancreatic cancer
8. Esophageal cancer
9. Kidney cancer
10. testicular cancer

Liver cancer
2. Lung cancer
3. Gastric cancer
4. Rectal cancer
5. Breast cancer
6. Bladder cancer
7. Pancreatic cancer
8. Esophageal cancer
9. Ovarian cancer
10. Cervical cancer

Subjects examined:
Long-term pressure
2. Unexplained fatigue and sudden weight loss
3. Comparison of chemotherapy before and after giving up in cancer patients
4. The family has died because of cancer or because of cancer
5. High-risk groups, such as people who smoke for long periods of time, eat betel nuts, stay up all night, come into contact with chemicals, dust, heavy metals or radioactive substances.
6. Want to know if your body's immune system is enough to clear cancer cells
7. Assess drug efficacy and prognosis indicators, as a tracking tool for recurrence and metastasis
8. Long-term anemia / hematuria / stomach pain / bloody stool / reason can not be found

Frequency of cancer detection: It is recommended to perform 1 or 2 times at least once a year. The focus is on keeping yourself away from the fear of cancer through scientific testing.

Comparison of this test with traditional cancer marker screening

Where is the sample collection and laboratory?
1. Collect 10c.c fresh blood from Minsheng Medical Testing Center and send it from Taiwan to the US every Wednesday.
2. The Molecular Testing Laboratory is located in Massachusetts, USA. This testing patent and technology is uniquely developed by the National Taiwan University team.

Test Report:
Determination of tumor nucleic acid alleles and normal allelic markers in ten cancer screenings
(with/without immediate risk) and comparing the cancer gene markers from the ten items specifically for their own or family high risk with the normal markers

Tumor gene detection has no correlation with traditional cancer markers such as CEA, AFP, CA199, CA125, SCC, etc., and should not be compared.

Tumor gene marker detection is characterized by non-invasive risk, rapid, accurate and convenient, and is suitable for comparison between before and after treatment for those who care about themselves and their family members who want to understand the current state of health.

Genetic testing  traditional cancer marker screening
Detect object Simultaneous detection of cancer markers 
and normal markers Only detect cancer markers
Target Directly targeting cancer cell DNA.  Indirect targeting of proteins
Check time 7 working days Within a week
Accuracy     >95% About 60%
False positive very low            high